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The competitive landscape of IT consulting

In the competitive landscape of IT consulting, firms often rely on a practice known as “bench staffing” to maintain a ready pool of consultants. This strategy, while seemingly beneficial, brings several issues to the forefront, affecting both the employees and the firms themselves. In this article, we will explore the intricacies of bench staffing, its implications, and potential solutions to mitigate its negative impacts.

Understanding Bench Staffing

Bench staffing refers to the practice of keeping a roster of consultants who are not currently assigned to any project but are available to be deployed as soon as a new project arises. These consultants are said to be “on the bench.” This approach is meant to ensure that the firm can quickly respond to client needs without the delays associated with hiring and onboarding new staff.

The Appeal of Bench Staffing

From a firm’s perspective, bench staffing offers several advantages:

  1. Quick Deployment: Having a ready pool of consultants allows firms to respond swiftly to client demands, reducing project start times and enhancing client satisfaction.
  2. Flexibility: Firms can offer a broad range of skills to clients, drawing from the diverse expertise of their bench.
  3. Market Competitiveness: The ability to promise rapid project initiation can be a significant competitive edge in the fast-paced IT sector.

However, these advantages come at a cost, particularly affecting the consultants who find themselves on the bench.

The Hidden Costs for Employees

For employees, being on the bench is often less appealing than it sounds. Here are some of the key issues:

  1. Job Insecurity: Bench periods can lead to anxiety and uncertainty among consultants. Without a project, they may feel their position is precarious, worrying about potential layoffs if they remain unassigned for too long.
  2. Skill Degradation: Extended time on the bench can lead to skill atrophy. IT professionals need continuous practice and engagement with current technologies to stay sharp. Prolonged inactivity can erode their expertise.
  3. Morale and Motivation: Being on the bench can negatively impact morale. Consultants may feel undervalued or unproductive, leading to decreased motivation and job satisfaction.

Financial Strain on Firms

While bench staffing aims to provide flexibility and readiness, it also imposes financial burdens on firms:

  1. Overhead Costs: Maintaining a bench involves paying salaries and benefits to consultants who are not generating revenue. This can strain the firm’s finances, especially if bench periods are prolonged or if market demand fluctuates.
  2. Utilization Rates: Firms are often evaluated based on their utilization rates, which measure the percentage of time consultants are billable to clients. A high bench rate can lower overall utilization, impacting the firm’s profitability and market perception.
  3. Resource Misallocation: Allocating resources to maintain a bench can divert funds from other critical areas, such as training, development, and technology upgrades.

Strategic Missteps

Relying heavily on bench staffing can lead to strategic missteps for IT consulting firms:

  1. Overstaffing: In an attempt to ensure availability, firms may hire more consultants than needed, leading to an oversized bench. This overstaffing can result in unnecessary costs and inefficiencies.
  2. Mismatch of Skills: The skills of benched consultants may not always align with new project requirements, leading to further delays and costs as firms scramble to find suitable matches or provide additional training.

Potential Solutions

Addressing the challenges of bench staffing requires a multifaceted approach. Here are some strategies firms can consider:

  1. Better Forecasting and Planning: Improved demand forecasting and resource planning can help firms maintain an optimal bench size, balancing readiness with cost efficiency.
  2. Cross-Training and Skill Development: Investing in continuous training and cross-skilling ensures that benched consultants remain valuable and can be quickly deployed across a variety of projects.
  3. Flexible Employment Models: Adopting flexible employment models, such as part-time or freelance contracts, can reduce the financial burden of maintaining a large bench while still providing access to a broad talent pool.
  4. Enhanced Employee Engagement: Regular communication, career development opportunities, and involving benched consultants in internal projects can keep them engaged and motivated, mitigating the negative impacts of bench time.


Bench staffing in IT consulting firms is a double-edged sword. While it offers the flexibility and readiness that can be crucial for winning and maintaining clients, it also introduces significant challenges, particularly for the employees who find themselves on the bench. For firms, the financial and strategic costs can be substantial if not managed properly.

To navigate these challenges, firms must adopt a balanced approach, combining accurate forecasting, continuous skill development, and innovative employment models. By doing so, they can maintain the necessary agility to meet client demands while ensuring the well-being and satisfaction of their consultants. In the ever-evolving IT landscape, a thoughtful approach to bench staffing can make the difference between a thriving consulting practice and one that struggles under its own weight.

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